Biodegradation is the chemical breakdown of materials. The term is often used in relation to ecology, waste management and environmental remediation. Organic material can be degraded aerobically with oxygen, or anaerobically, without oxygen. As on date the most reliable strategy is biodegradation by eco-friendly microbes, which is generally accepted as an environmentally sound and economically feasible protocol for the treatment of hazardous waste and effluents. Microbes are the tribute for clean environment.
Methods of measuring bio degradation
Bio degradation can be measured in a number of ways. The activity of aerobic microbes can be measured by the amount of oxygen they consume or the amount of carbon dioxide they produce. It can be measured by anaerobic microbes and the amount of methane or alloy that they may be able to produce. In formal scientific literature, the process is termed bio-remediation. The key player in bioremediation are microorganisms that live virtually everywhere. they are ideally suited to the task of contaminant destruction because they possess enzymes that allow them to ase environmental contaminants as food and because they are so small that they are able to contact contaminants easily. Bioremediation can be regarded as an extension of the purpose that microorganisms have served in nature for billions of years: the breakdown of complex human, animal, and plant wastes so that life can continue from one generation to the next. Without the activity of microorganisms, the earth would literally be buried in wastes, and the nutrients necessary for the continuation of life would be locked up in detritus.They are not bio degradation standards. Both were developed for hydro-biodegradable polymers where the mechanism including bio degradation is based on reaction with water and state that in order for a production to be compost-able
WHY BIODEGRADABLE PRODUCTS?
By far the largest proportion of single use plastics such as those used in disposable packaging end their lives in landfills or, unfortunately, as litter. Conventional plastics can persist unchanged for many years in such environments. plastics cause accumulation of litter. Bio degradable products are one whose end products are carbon dioxide, water and biomass. Extensive studies and tests have been conducted by laboratories and institutions to confirm that they do not leave harmful or toxic residues to the environment, thus causing less ill effects or negligible ill effects on environment and also to mankind & living beings on Earth.
Biodegradable matter is generally organic material such as plant and animal matter and other substances originating from living organisms, or artificial materials that are similar enough to plant and animal matter to be put to use by microorganisms.
Interest in the microbial biodegradation of pollutants has intensified in recent years as humanity strives to find sustainable ways to cleanup contaminated environments and should be on large-scale.
Thus to save environment and to save our health from getting affected we shall use only bio degradable products and save our forthcoming generationSUMMARY
Today what we use in household cleaning is chemical based products on large-scale, affecting our health and environment with some side effects or directly, making our mankind to think on this is very important as after some years our own forthcoming generation will be facing lot of problems with what we are doing using huge amount of chemicals today. We have got an alternative for electric power as solar power, likewise we have got alternative of biodegradable solutions over chemical based solutions. Today if we don’t switch towards the alternative then it will be too late for the same time, money & health all will be at the stake for survival of humankind. What is recommended today is to get literate over bio degradation and applications to be innovated for the alternatives to be used for forthcoming future.